Common method of installing Linux software

2010-08-22  来源:本站原创  分类:OS  人气:177 

1, uninstall the software installation, sub-situations:
A: RPM package, this package like the windows of the EXE installation file, as all documents have been compiled and patched, which documents the folder into which all the designated well, installation is easy, in graphics interface where you just double-click install automatically.
How to uninstall:
1, open a terminal SHELL
2, because the software under the name of LINUX include the version number, so a good idea to uninstall the software to determine the full name.
Find software RPM package: rpm-qa × × × *
Note: × × × means the software name of the first few letters are not required to write all, but do not mistake, * is the wildcard "*", that is an asterisk, if you want to find the machine yard REALPLAYER installed software, you can enter: rpm-qa realplay *
3, find the software, demonstrated by the full name of the software, such as firefox-1.0.1-1.3.2
Implementation of the uninstall command: rpm-e firefox-1.0.1-1.3.2
Installation directory, execute the command to find: rpm-ql firefox-1.0.1-1.3.2

B: tar.gz (bz or bz2, etc.) at the end of the source code package, which are the source of this package, not compiled, needs to be compiled before installation.
Installation method:
1, open a SHELL, the terminal
2, with the CD command to the source code directory where compressed
3, according to the type unzip compressed files (* representing the compressed package name)
tar-zxvf ****. tar.gz
tar-jxvf ****. tar.bz (or bz2)
4, with the CD command to enter the extracted directory
5, enter the build file command:. / Configure (some compressed package already compiled, this step can save)
6, then the command: make
7, another is to install the file command: make install
8, installation how to uninstall:
1, open a SHELL, the terminal
2, compiled with the CD command to enter the software directory, the directory that is installed
3, the implementation of anti-install command: make uninstall
Installation directory: make install command attention during the installation directory, or read the readme file inside the installation directory, of course, the best approach is specified during the installation of the installation directory, ie. / Configure command arguments behind the increase - prefix = / **
Such as:. / Configure - prefix = / usr / local / aaaa, that the software installed in / usr / local / path aaaa this directory. General software's default installation directory in / usr / local or / opt in, you can go there Zhaozhao

C: to bin at the end of the installation package, this package is similar to RPM packages, the installation is also relatively simple one, open a SHELL, the terminal
2, with the CD command to the source code directory where compressed
3, to file with the executable attribute: chmod + x ******. bin (the middle is the letter x, lowercase)
3, execute the command :./******. bin (realplayer for linux is one such installation package)
How to uninstall: the installation, select the installation directory to delete on the OK
You can specify the installation process, similar to the windows install.

D: deb package installation steps:
1, find the appropriate package, such as soft.version.deb, downloaded to the machine to a directory;
2, open a terminal, su - as root user;
3, cd soft.version.deb is located;
4, type dpkg-i soft.version.deb common method of software installation

E: apt install:
1, open a terminal, su - as root user;
2, apt-cache search soft Note: soft is the name of the software you are looking for or related information
3, if the two found the software soft.version, then use apt-get install soft.version command to install the software Note: If you can access, just use apt-cache search to find software with apt-get install software

2, after installing the software implementation.
After installing the software can be many ways of implementation of the software:
A, some software will automatically install the application list with shortcuts, and windows as to where to find on the trip.
B, if the application list can not find it, can be directly in / Start / Run command to input the command: Start command general is software name, such as firefox, realplay, xmms, etc.
C, can also open a shell terminal, enter the software name, and in the "Run command" in the same. If you do not know if the whole order, you can enter at the beginning of the letter, then press the tab key to find, the system will automatically display to enter all commands begin with the letters
D, you can also run directly to the installation directory startup file, linux shell, under the executable icon and icons like the terminal
E, to / usr / bin directory to find installed software startup file to execute commands. linux system, all executable files command in the / usr / bin directory have been started to connect, you can go to that directory to search for your startup command file is installed, double-click the Start

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